Patronage and Protest in Kate Brown’s WashingtonNew laws and constitutional amendments dramatically altered African Americans’ relationship to the federal government after the Civil War. shows that unprecedented opportunities for federal employment opened to African Americans at the same time. Her article follows a remarkable woman named Kate Brown from her work as a restroom attendant in the U.S. Capitol to her protest against discrimination on a local railroad to her marriage and divorce. This history offers a human–scale perspective on African Americans and Republican patronage in the Civil War era and shows how access to government work shaped black life in Washington, D.C., at a pivotal moment. It reveals something of the mechanics of patronage: how African Americans mobilized their connections to prominent whites, and to one another, to create opportunities for advancement. It also allows us to see how public protest was woven into an individual life preoccupied, as well, with making a living, sustaining (and breaking) kinship ties, and creating a safe and satisfying personal existence.
Also in this issue:
The Moment of Transition: State Officials, the Federal Government, and the Formation of American Immigration PolicyThe Immigration Act of 1882 was the first general immigration legislation at the national level with exclusion and deportation clauses. By analyzing the act’s enduring reliance on state officials for its implementation, , in the essay that won the 2012 Louis Pelzer Memorial Award, demonstrates that the federalization of immigration control was a more gradual and contingent process than historians have assumed. He also argues that the roots of the almost–unlimited official power in determining the excludability and deportability of aliens, which characterized federal immigration control from the late nineteenth century onward, lay in the administration of the 1882 act by state officials in New York and Massachusetts.
"American Enlightenments: Continuity and Renewal," by Nathalie Caron and Naomi WulfAnd of course, the book reviews, which (time permitting) your loyal bloggers will scour for items of interest.
"'Their blood shall not be shed in vain': American Evangelical Missionaries and the Search for God and Country in Post-World War II Asia," by Sarah Miller-Davenport
"The Cold War Romance of Religious Authenticity: Will Herberg, William F. Buckley Jr., and the Rise of the New Right," by K. Healan Gaston